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Hip Wear Test - ISO 14242-1

Normative References  

ISO 14242-1: Implants for surgery - wear of total hip prostheses - Part 1: Loading and displacement parameters for wear-testing machines and corresponding environmental conditions for tests

ISO 14242-2: Implants for surgery - wear of total hip prostheses - Part 2: Methods of measurement

The hip joint simulator developed and built at EndoLab® can test 2x3 specimens simultaneously (plus two soak controls). The specimens are oriented in an anatomically correct position, and the resulting hip joint force is applied via the cup. Consequently, the direction of the force vector is constant relative to the cup and moves relative to the head. All three in-vivo angular displacements are simulated: flexion/extension, abduction/adduction and internal/external rotation.
You can see the simulator moving in this short video.

The specimens are assembled under laminar flow conditions and sealed in capsulated single test chambers to prevent contamination. The test fluid's temperature and fluid level are controlled continuously throughout testing. The wear of the components is determined gravimetrically. If requested, an analysis of the wear debris according to ISO 17853 can be conducted.  


Parameters ISO 14242
force curve double-peak according to PAUL
force is fixed relative to cup
force maximum 3.0 kN
frequency 1.0 Hz
cup inclination „L“ according to ISO 14242 -1 30° (corresponds to an in-vivo inclination of 45°)
inclination cup-ball
flexion-extension +25/-18°
abduction-adduction +7/-4°
rotation +2/-11°
test fluid calf serum
temperature 37°C
cycles 5 million
inspection cycles 0.5 million, 1 million, 2 million etc.
Implant Testing - Hip Wear Test - ISO 14242-1